Institution of Mechanical Engineers IMechE

Engineering Strategies to Prevent Soft Tissue Damage

29 February 2012

Soft tissue damage, in the form of pressure ulcers, represents an important indicator of Quality of Care for individuals in both hospital and community settings. Accordingly pressure ulcers, which affect immobile subjects with a wide range of confounding factors, have received increased attention within health services worldwide. However their incidence rate remains unacceptably high. Future strategies for prevention of this debilitating condition are encouraging due, in part, to the continued involvement of engineers. They have adopted both well-established principles and modern tools to address issues associated with the pathogenesis of a pressure ulcer, its early detection and preventative strategies.

The presentation will evaluate what has been learned from these engineering approaches to inform clinical practice. In many cases, they have highlighted the need for caution, for example, in the use of interface pressure maps, the establishment of a universal safe pressure level and in the consideration of local tissue biomechanics. Nonetheless new biotechnologies, including medical imaging, cell and tissue engineering and computational modelling are being adapted for use in identifying those subjects at particular risk of developing pressure ulcers and providing them with personalised support systems.

Presented by Professor Dan Bader, School of Health Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK and Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, the Netherlands


Engineering strategies to prevent soft tissue damage

: Dan Bader studied Physics at Liverpool University, followed by an MSc in Medical Physics and a PhD at Southampton University. In 2011, he joined the Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Southampton.
His research interests include
• Translation of bioengineering solutions in the prevention of pressure ulcers
• Quantifiable imaging of soft tissues
• Biomechanical conditioning of cell seeded constructs for tissue engineering
• Cell/tissue biomechanics in health and disease
He has published over 160 refereed scientific papers and edited three books. Since 2000, he has been a Part-Time Professor in Soft Tissue Remodelling in the Biomedical Engineering Department at Eindhoven University of Technology, the Netherlands and, more recently a Visiting Professor in Department of Orthopaedic Surgery in the University of Malaya. In 2006, he was elected onto the World Council of Biomechanics. In 2010 he was elected as a Trustee of the European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel (EPUAP) and was awarded the Established Investigator Award at the 14th Annual EPUAP Scientific Meeting in September 2011. He is current editor of the Journal of Tissue Viability.

Duration: 1:00